This paper proposes a trip chain order model for simulating retailer restocking within urban and metropolitan area. It is part of the general modelling system developed by the authors for simulating urban freight demand which considers both demand and logistic sub-systems. The former allows us to obtain the freight Origin-Destination (OD) matrices in quantities and deliveries per transport service type, time slice and vehicle type. The latter allows us to obtain the vehicle OD matrices according to the journey characteristics (i.e. number and sequence of delivery points) in order to restock economic activities located within the study area.
This approach, known in literature as tour-based approach, aims at reproducing the choice structure of the restocking process and the sequence of delivery points (stops) for vehicle journeys, considering dependences existing among subsequent trips of the same journey. It implies that each destination zone to be delivered is chosen depending on the previous and the next destination ones. The logistic subsystem of the proposed modelling system can be divided in two parts: the first which defines the trip chain order (i.e. the number of deliveries made during a tour); the second one which considers the choice of the stop locations.
This paper focuses on the specification and calibration of a trip chain order model using data collected in the city centre of Rome.Website: http://www.openstarts.units.it…
Source: European Transport Trasporti Europei Number